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Top 10 Wheat Imports Countries in the World

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Global purchases of imported wheat totalled US$36.8 billion in 2016.

Overall, the value of wheat imports for all importing countries was down by an average -24.6% since 2012 when wheat purchases were valued at $48.8 billion. Year over year, the value of imported wheat retreated by -12%.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for wheat is 1001.

Among continents, Asian countries accounted for the highest dollar worth of imported wheat during 2016 with purchases valued at $14.8 billion or 40.3% of the global total. In second place were European importers at 22.3% while 21.6% of worldwide wheat imports were delivered to Europe. Smaller percentages were sent to Latin America excluding Mexico and the Caribbean (10.1%) and North America (4.1%) with just 0.6% of global wheat imports purchased by 0.6%.

The 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix for wheat is 1006.

Wheat Imports by Country

Top 15

Below are the 15 countries that imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2016:

  1. Indonesia: US$2.4 billion (6.5% of total wheat imports)
  2. Italy: $1.8 billion (4.9%)
  3. Algeria: $1.5 billion (4.2%)
  4. Egypt: $1.5 billion (4.2%)
  5. Japan: $1.4 billion (3.7%)
  6. Brazil: $1.3 billion (3.6%)
  7. Morocco: $1.3 billion (3.5%)
  8. Spain: $1.3 billion (3.5%)
  9. Philippines: $1 billion (2.8%)
  10. South Korea: $1 billion (2.7%)
  11. Mexico: $986.6 million (2.7%)
  12. Thailand: $972.2 million (2.6%)
  13. Germany: $906.7 million (2.5%)
  14. Turkey: $892.4 million (2.4%)
  15. Nigeria: $860.5 million (2.3%)

Four of the above countries increased their appetites for imported wheat since 2012: Mexico (up 33%), Thailand (up 17.8%), Indonesia (up 6.8%) and Philippines (up 6.8%).

Those countries that posted declines in their imported wheat purchases were led by Egypt (down -51.9%), South Korea (down -43.2%), Nigeria (down -42.3%) and Japan (down -36.8%).

The listed 15 countries purchased 52.3% of all wheat imports in 2016. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplier since 2012.

Indonesia

Wheat Imports into Indonesia

Below are the top 15 suppliers from which Indonesia imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2016. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2012.

  1. Australia: $852.3 million (down -42.5%)
  2. Ukraine: $493 million (up 646.6%)
  3. Canada: $445.8 million (up 14.5%)
  4. Argentina: $243.2 million (no change)
  5. United States: $230.9 million (down -9.9%)
  6. France: $56.2 million (no change)
  7. Bulgaria: $26 million (up 688.4%)
  8. Moldova: $13.5 million (up 2%)
  9. Latvia: $11.9 million (no change)
  10. United Kingdom: $10.9 million (no change)
  11. Romania: $10.6 million (up 178.5%)
  12. Brazil: $10.3 million (up 8,300%)
  13. Uruguay: $2.7 million (up 123.5%)
  14. Hungary: $757,000 (up 184.2%)
  15. Russia: $216,000 (down -98.3%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 100% of all Indonesian wheat imports in 2016.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing suppliers of wheat to Indonesia since 2012 were: Brazil (up 8,300%), Bulgaria (up 688.4%), Ukraine (up 646.6%) and Hungary (up 184.2%).

Three countries experienced declines in the value of their wheat supplies to Indonesian importers: Russia (down -98.3%), Australia (down -42.5%) and the United States (down -9.9%).

Overall, the value of Indonesian wheat imports was up by an average 6.8% from all supplying countries since 2012 when wheat purchases were valued at $2.3 billion.

Italy

Wheat Imports into Italy

Below are the top 15 suppliers from which Italy imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2016. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2012.

  1. Canada: $349.6 million (up 67.6%)
  2. France: $228.8 million (down -53.3%)
  3. United States: $161.8 million (up 5%)
  4. Hungary: $155.1 million (up 20.1%)
  5. Austria: $124.4 million (down -17.1%)
  6. Bulgaria: $115.8 million (down -34.9%)
  7. Germany: $82.8 million (down -48.2%)
  8. Ukraine: $71.7 million (up 49.4%)
  9. Mexico: $61.1 million (up 45.6%)
  10. Romania: $47 million (down -34.9%)
  11. Australia: $45.3 million (down -53.3%)
  12. Greece: $44.8 million (down -24.2%)
  13. Croatia: $43.8 million (up 16.4%)
  14. Russia: $39.7 million (down -34.5%)
  15. Moldova: $35.2 million (up 736.4%)

The listed 15 countries shipped 89.9% of all Italian wheat imports in 2016.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing suppliers of wheat to Italy since 2012 were: Moldova (up 736.4%), Canada (up 67.6%), Ukraine (up 49.4%) and Mexico (up 45.6%).

Countries that experienced declines in the value of their wheat supplies to Italian importers included: Australia (down -53.3%), France (down -53.3%), Germany (down -48.2%) and Romania (down -34.9%).

Overall, the value of Italian wheat imports was down by an average -12.7% from all supplying countries since 2012 when wheat purchases were valued at $2 billion.

Algeria

Wheat Imports into Algeria

Below are the top 15 suppliers from which Algeria imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2016. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2012.

  1. France: $990.2 million (down -53.6%)
  2. Canada: $354.5 million (up 1,193%)
  3. Germany: $254 million (up 2,591%)
  4. Mexico: $252.3 million (up 8.1%)
  5. Latvia: $92.1 million (up 220.4%)
  6. Sweden: $86.5 million (up 284.6%)
  7. Poland: $79.4 million (up 53.1%)
  8. United States: $75.1 million (up 157.5%)
  9. Lithuania: $48.6 million (up 201.8%)
  10. Estonia: $38.5 million (up 1,123%)
  11. Czech Republic: $35.2 million (up 563.3%)
  12. Spain: $30.5 million (up 24%)
  13. Ukraine: $21.3 million (up 2,233%)
  14. United Kingdom: $17 million (down -32.7%)
  15. India: $11 million (no change)

The listed 15 countries shipped 99.4% of all Algerian wheat imports in 2016.

Among the above countries, the fastest-growing suppliers of wheat to Algeria since 2012 were: Germany (up 2,591%), Ukraine (up 2,233%), Canada (up 1,193%) and Estonia (up 1,123%).

Two countries experienced declines in the value of their wheat supplies to Algerian importers: France (down -53.6%) and the United Kingdom (down -32.7%).

Overall, the value of Algerian wheat imports was down by an average -15.7% from all supplying countries since 2012 when wheat purchases were valued at $2.8 billion.

Egypt

Wheat Imports into Egypt

Below are the top 11 suppliers from which Egypt imported the highest dollar value worth of wheat during 2016. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country since 2012.

  1. Russia: $785.7 million (down -52.8%)
  2. Ukraine: $370.7 million (down -50.8%)
  3. Romania: $234.4 million (up 121.7%)
  4. France: $55.3 million (down -65.8%)
  5. Argentina: $32.4 million (down -68.5%)
  6. Poland: $28.9 million (down -48%)
  7. Australia: $15.4 million (down -86.5%)
  8. Germany: $6.7 million (down -38.8%)
  9. Bulgaria: $4.6 million (up 133%)
  10. Lithuania: $3.6 million (down -82.5%)
  11. United States: $6,000 (down -100%)

The listed 11 countries shipped 100% of all Egyptian wheat imports in 2016.

Only two of the above countries boosted their supplies of wheat to Egypt since 2012, namely Bulgaria (up 133%) and Romania (up 121.7%).

Countries that experienced declines in the value of their wheat supplies to Egyptian importers included: United States (down -100%), Australia (down -86.5%), Lithuania (down -82.5%) and Argentina (down -68.5%).

Overall, the value of Egyptian wheat imports was down by an average -51.9% from all supplying countries since 2012 when wheat purchases were valued at $3.2 billion.

Searchable List of Wheat Importing Countries

You can change the presentation order by clicking the triangle icon at the top of any of the columns below.

Rank Importer 2016 Wheat Imports % World Total
1. Indonesia US$2.4 billion 6.5%
2. Italy $1.8 billion 4.9%
3. Algeria $1.5 billion 4.2%
4. Egypt $1.5 billion 4.2%
5. Japan $1.4 billion 3.7%
6. Brazil $1.3 billion 3.6%
7. Morocco $1.3 billion 3.5%
8. Spain $1.3 billion 3.5%
9. Philippines $1 billion 2.8%
10. South Korea $1 billion 2.7%
11. Mexico $986.6 million 2.7%
12. Thailand $972.2 million 2.6%
13. Germany $906.7 million 2.5%
14. Turkey $892.4 million 2.4%
15. Nigeria $860.5 million 2.3%
16. Netherlands $851.4 million 2.3%
17. Belgium $844.4 million 2.3%
18. Vietnam $839 million 2.3%
19. China $801 million 2.2%
20. Bangladesh $646.4 million 1.8%
21. Yemen $529.4 million 1.4%
22. United States $496.7 million 1.4%
23. Colombia $460.5 million 1.3%
24. Jordan $430.9 million 1.2%
25. Peru $425.9 million 1.2%
26. India $412.6 million 1.1%
27. Romania $367.3 million 1%
28. Malaysia $341.4 million 0.9%
29. Israel $336 million 0.9%
30. Tunisia $334.3 million 0.9%
31. Taiwan $334.2 million 0.9%
32. United Kingdom $328.4 million 0.9%
33. Iran $317.2 million 0.9%
34. United Arab Emirates $312.8 million 0.9%
35. South Africa $305.4 million 0.8%
36. Sudan $292.4 million 0.8%
37. Portugal $289 million 0.8%
38. Kenya $250.9 million 0.7%
39. Venezuela $250.8 million 0.7%
40. Sri Lanka $230.2 million 0.6%
41. Ecuador $228.8 million 0.6%
42. Greece $217.5 million 0.6%
43. Uzbekistan $209.3 million 0.6%
44. Azerbaijan $200.5 million 0.5%
45. France $199.5 million 0.5%
46. Chile $192.5 million 0.5%
47. Libya $183.4 million 0.5%
48. Austria $169.8 million 0.5%
49. Cuba $168.3 million 0.5%
50.
Tajikistan
$165.4 million
0.4%
51. Cameroon $153.3 million 0.4%
52. Tanzania $150 million 0.4%
53. Côte d’Ivoire $142.7 million 0.4%
54. Oman $138 million 0.4%
55. Ghana $136.2 million 0.4%
56. Switzerland $132.5 million 0.4%
57. Senegal $128.8 million 0.4%
58. Guatemala $127.5 million 0.3%
59. Kuwait $124.7 million 0.3%
60. New Zealand $109.1 million 0.3%
61. Saudi Arabia $107.9 million 0.3%
62. Mozambique $107.9 million 0.3%
63. Dominican Republic $107.4 million 0.3%
64. Lebanon $105.5 million 0.3%
65. Poland $105.3 million 0.3%
66. Myanmar (Burma) $102.7 million 0.3%
67. Zimbabwe $97.9 million 0.3%
68. Russia $89 million 0.2%
69. Mauritania $88.9 million 0.2%
70. Georgia $86.1 million 0.2%
71. Latvia $81.5 million 0.2%
72. Papua New Guinea $71.2 million 0.2%
73. Norway $71.2 million 0.2%
74. Bosnia/Herzegovina $69.9 million 0.2%
75. El Salvador $69.5 million 0.2%
76. Costa Rica $67.1 million 0.2%
77. Honduras $65.5 million 0.2%
78. Djibouti $65.3 million 0.2%
79. Armenia $58.2 million 0.2%
80. Denmark $57.1 million 0.2%
81. Guinea $56.6 million 0.2%
82. Uganda $52.8 million 0.1%
83. Singapore $51 million 0.1%
84. Mali $50.1 million 0.1%
85. Democratic Rep. Congo $47.1 million 0.1%
86. Ireland $44.7 million 0.1%
87. Albania $43 million 0.1%
88. Fiji $42.5 million 0.1%
89. Iraq $41.2 million 0.1%
90. Burkina Faso $40.5 million 0.1%
91. Haiti $39.4 million 0.1%
92. Jamaica $39 million 0.1%
93. Afghanistan $38.4 million 0.1%
94. Panama $37.2 million 0.1%
95. Rwanda $35.4 million 0.1%
96. Malawi $35.2 million 0.1%
97. Slovenia $34.9 million 0.1%
98. Nepal $34.3 million 0.1%
99. Mauritius $34.1 million 0.1%
100.
Hungary
$33.8 million
0.1%
101. Canada $33.1 million 0.1%
102. Mongolia $32 million 0.1%
103. Kyrgyzstan $31.6 million 0.1%
104. Sweden $31.5 million 0.1%
105. Luxembourg $31.3 million 0.1%
106. Namibia $28.9 million 0.1%
107. Trinidad/Tobago $26.2 million 0.1%
108. Liberia $25.6 million 0.1%
109. Togo $25.3 million 0.1%
110. Bolivia $25.2 million 0.1%
111. Nicaragua $25.2 million 0.1%
112. Botswana $23.7 million 0.1%
113. Congo $23.1 million 0.1%
114. Cyprus $23 million 0.1%
115. Bahrain $22.5 million 0.1%
116. Qatar $20 million 0.1%
117. Gabon $19.8 million 0.1%
118. Burundi $16.6 million 0.05%
119. Lithuania $15.6 million 0.04%
120. Macedonia $14.7 million 0.04%
121. Guyana $13.2 million 0.04%
122. Syria $12.4 million 0.03%
123. Croatia $11.5 million 0.03%
124. Gambia $10.1 million 0.03%
125. St Vincent/Grenadines $9 million 0.02%
126. Cambodia $8.7 million 0.02%
127. Bulgaria $8.1 million 0.02%
128. Iceland $7.8 million 0.02%
129. Estonia $7.7 million 0.02%
130. Czech Republic $7.5 million 0.02%
131. New Caledonia $6.5 million 0.02%
132. Barbados $5.5 million 0.01%
133. Montenegro $5.1 million 0.01%
134. Somalia $5.1 million 0.01%
135. Grenada $4.6 million 0.01%
136. Niger $4.3 million 0.01%
137. Slovakia $4.2 million 0.01%
138. Malta $4.1 million 0.01%
139. Belize $4 million 0.01%
140. Kazakhstan $3.6 million 0.01%
141. Suriname $3.5 million 0.01%
142. Lesotho $3.5 million 0.01%
143. Madagascar $2.8 million 0.01%
144. Ukraine $2.6 million 0.01%
145. Faroe Islands $2.3 million 0.01%
146. Cabo Verde $2.2 million 0.01%
147. Hong Kong $2.1 million 0.01%
148. Eritrea $2 million 0.01%
149. Pakistan $1.4 million 0.004%
150.
Finland
$1.1 million
0.003%
151. French Polynesia $715,000 0.002%
152. Argentina $695,000 0.002%
153. Solomon Islands $508,000 0.001%
154. Australia $493,000 0.001%
155. Serbia $487,000 0.001%
156. Moldova $447,000 0.001%
157. Paraguay $327,000 0.001%
158. Swaziland $245,000 0.001%
159. North Korea $240,000 0.001%
160. Belarus $203,000 0.001%
161. Seychelles $107,000 0.0003%
162. Uruguay $65,000 0.0002%
163. Turkmenistan $57,000 0.0002%
164. Zambia $31,000 0.0001%
165. Angola $30,000 0.0001%
166. Anguilla $20,000 0.0001%
167. Andorra $18,000 0.00005%
168. Maldives $18,000 0.00005%
169. Brunei Darussalam $14,000 0.00004%
170. Bermuda $4,000 0.00001%
171. Gibraltar $3,000 0.00001%
172. Sierra Leone $2,000 0.00001%
173. Samoa $1,000 0.000003%
174. Aruba $1,000 0.000003%

Research Sources:

The World Factbook, Field Listing: Imports – Commodities, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 9, 2017

Trade Map, International Trade Centre. Accessed on June 9, 2017

Investopedia, Net Importer Definition. Accessed on June 9, 2017

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